The most common battery technologies used in electric vehicles are Lead-Acid, Nickel-Iron, Nickel-Cadmium, Nickel-Metal Hybrid, Lithium-Ion, Lithium-Polymer, Lithium-Iron, Sodium-Sulfur, Sodium-Metal-Chloride. With the development of technology in recent years, Aluminum-Air and Zinc-Air batteries have started to become widespread.

The criteria for the batteries to have a good performance; specific energy, energy density, specific power, nominal voltage value, amp-hour efficiency, energy efficiency, commercial manufacturability, cost, operating temperature, self-discharge rate, life (how many times it can be charged) and charging time.